WV.gov
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Kim P. Nuckles
State ADA Coordinator

Building 1, Room E-119
1900 Kanawha Boulevard, East
Charleston, WV 25305

304-558-4331 x 57004 (Voice)
304-558-2999 (Fax)

Kim.P.Nuckles@wv.gov

Title I -- Employment Essential Job Functions

What are Essential Job Functions?

Factors to consider in determining if a function is essential include:

  • whether the reason the position exists is to perform that function,
  • the number of other employees available to perform the function or among whom the performance of the function can be distributed, and
  • the degree of expertise or skill required to perform the function.

Your judgment as to which functions are essential, and a written job description prepared before advertising or interviewing for a job will be considered by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) as evidence of essential functions. Other kinds of evidence that EEOC will consider include:

  • the actual work experience of present or past employees in the job,
  • the time spent performing a function,
  • the consequences of not requiring that an employee perform a function, and
  • the terms of a collective bargaining agreement.

Other relative factors such as the nature and scope of the work operation and the employer's organizational structure may be factors in determining whether a function is essential.

For more information on job descriptions and essential job functions visit JobDescriptions.html.